In a previous blog, we went over a few of the most common eye problems, such as cataracts, glaucoma, and macular degeneration. Now, we’re going to discuss each problem more thoroughly. In this blog, we’ll be focusing on glaucoma, which is an increased amount of pressure on the optic nerve. Glaucoma can be a serious issue and is challenging to treat, especially when not caught early enough.

Dr. Sina, and his team of ophthalmologists that work with him, want to help each of our patients have an understanding of these issues so they are able to watch out of the signs and symptoms. To diagnose these issues as early as possible, it’s important to schedule an appointment with an eye doctor at least once a year, unless you notice that your eyesight is deteriorating. Call Dr. Sina in Alexandria for an appointment and we’ll make sure to provide superior care.

As stated in the previous blog, there are two types of glaucoma: open-angle and angle-closure.

Open-Angle

This is the more common type and is painless. Between the white cornea and the colored iris is a space, or angle, where liquid drains. Inside the space is a mesh that the liquid seeps through. Over time, however, the mesh becomes clogged, leading to a build up of liquid. Symptoms can include patchy blind spots in your peripheral or central vision, commonly in both eyes. It can also cause tunnel vision in more serious cases. Because the effects of open-angle glaucoma are slow and because symptoms are painless, it often goes unnoticed.

Angle-Closure

Unlike open-angle, this type of glaucoma occurs quickly, when the iris is either being pushed or pulled up against the mesh. The position of the iris causes the angle to close, preventing liquid from draining. Symptoms can include sudden pain, blurred vision, or nausea.

Unfortunately, there is no cure for either type of glaucoma, but symptoms can be slowed down. This is done by decreasing the pressure inside the eye through medication, either prostaglandins or beta blockers. Other options are laser therapy or surgery. The best way to prevent this from occurring is to visit with an ophthalmologist regularly.

More on Glaucoma

  • Anyone can develop glaucoma, but there is a higher risk if you are over 40, have diabetes, have high blood pressure, are of African American or Hispanic descent, or there is a family history of the disease.
  • An exam with an ophthalmologist is the only way to diagnose glaucoma.
  • It’s important to not wait for symptoms to occur. Without proper treatment, vision loss will slowly develop and a loss of vision cannot be restored.
  • Researchers are studying new methods of treatment that are offering patients hope, including restoring the cells that make up the optic nerve.

With a regular visit with your Alexandria ophthalmologist, glaucoma can be found early and treatment will be available to slow its progression. If you are at a higher risk of developing glaucoma, schedule an appointment with Dr. Sina today.

Our team of compassionate eye doctors wants to provide you with the best care and treatment possible. Give our office a call if you have any questions.